A/Prof Derya Ozkul, Senior citizen Research Many other, Refugee Studies Centre, University of Oxford
Increasingly, technology and methods are being used to streamline asylum procedures. These types of range from biometric matching machines that examine iris tests and fingerprints to lookup directories for refugees and asylum seekers to chatbots to help people signup protection circumstances. These tools are designed to make it easier for the purpose of states and agencies to process asylum applications, especially as much systems are slowed down as a result of COVID-19 pandemic and raising levels of pressured displacement.
But they raise a number of human rights concerns. These include privacy issues, opaque decision-making, and the potential for biases or machine errors which may lead to discriminatory outcomes. In addition they pose significant challenges to migrants and asylum seekers, who are often already disenfranchised and vulnerable and open.
Ozkul’s groundwork explores many ways in which new technologies may be used to verify details and narratives of migrants, allowing them to accelerate their asylum application method. It also examines the ways in which these technologies can create a certain informational space around migrant workers, and how that they configure their very own subjecthood. Subsequent Foucault, this girl argues that such algorithms are both territorial and institutional. For example , eye scanning methods can be seen when an institutional technology, because they require the migrant to a specific area in order to be accepted; while suggestion algorithms www.ascella-llc.com/the-counseling-services-offers-free-confidential-counseling-services-to-enrolled-students are business and global in their results, configuring topics as customers.
As a result, they enact a particular form of hegemonic power over displaced persons. This is especially true given the current race to the bottom in asylum policy ~ with some countries offering bonuses like the Nansen passport to accomplish cachette resettling and others impacting restrictive regulations that block their particular access to territory and pressure them on dangerous and deadly excursions.